B. GENERAL PALPARAN AND PERHAPS SOME OF HIS SUPERIOR OFFICERS, MAY BE HELD RESPONSIBLE FOR FAILING TO PREVENT, PUNISH OR CONDEMN THE KILLINGS UNDER THE PRINCIPLE OF COMMAND RESPONSIBILITY.
It being well-nigh obvious that some elements in the military were behind the killings of activists, it becomes equally plain that some ranking officers in the Army (for the Navy, Air Force and Coast Guard are not herein involved), have not performed their function of investigating or preventing the said killings, as well as punishing their perpetrators. Under the doctrine of command responsibility, one may be held responsible for the killings if he authorized, encouraged, ignored or tolerated the killings.
This failure to act may perhaps be attributed to the misconception of some that command responsibility extends only to acts which a commander orders or authorizes, and not to criminal acts of his subordinates done on their own, although he had knowledge or, had reason to know of, or should have known about the same. Failure to investigate and to punish is just as inculpatory.Extrajudicial Killings, Melo Commission Report on Extrajudicial Killings